New Mexico State University
Climate Center's

Potential and Actual Crop Evapotranspiration Wizard
Using Samani's Equation with Output Formatted for Peman Excel Irrigation Spreedsheet

This system calculates the Potential Evapotranspiration for a given set of data for a given latitude. This page is a compilation of several databases, some global some local to NM, and is fairly involved... not complicated. So if you are new to this system please read the instructions fully.

Step 1: Getting daily weather data: Data can be acquired from the following places or you can enter the data by hand into the Wizard. The data needed is Date, maximum & minimum temperature, and precipitation (optional). NOTE: Do not paste raw data from Excel into this wizard. Formatting issues will prevent this tool from converting the data properly. Please use a plain text editor (e.g. Notepad) as a source of pasted raw data.

Getting the latitude

1. The latitude for the site location must be acquired from the internet site having the maximum and minimum temperature.

2. For the NOAA stations latitude can be acquired from this document,
Note: Value is given as a 4 digit number, i.e. 3241, type this in the box below with a colon ':' between the first two and last two digits,
i.e. 32:41.

3. Now you have all the information that this equation requires! Click here to finish.

Step 2: Filling out the PET Wizard

 Column 1 starts on this side. For dates with the format "DD/DD/DD" it is considered one column, all others separated by white space, commas, or other are individual.
1.What is the Format
of the Date?
MM/DD/YYYY
YYYY/MM/DD
DD/MM/YYYY
Other Date *
Specify columns
 Month Day Year

*Year is not needed.
Note: use for dates
that are separated by
delineator.

2.Column Number?
(Starting with one)
 Date * Max Temp Min Temp Precip

Show Precipitation?

* If date is not one column
the format of the date and
fill in the columns that each
month and day appear
in.

3. What is the Latitude this data
was collected at?

4. The Data Above are in?
English
Metric

5. How is Data Separated?
White space (including tabs)
Comma
Other:

6. Calibration Coefficient
(Default for NM)
kt =
Notes on this element

Table of Cities

7. Crop Specific Evapotransperation Option
Click box to generate Crop Coefficient and ET
 Preset Defaults: Apples with grass cover Apples with no grass cover Aflalfa Spring barley or wheat winter barley or wheat Chile Corn Cotton Grapes Lettuce Onion Pecans Pinto Beans Potato Sorghum Berrmudagrass ave-quality Bermudagrass high quality Fescuegrass high quality Fescuegrass ave-quality Douglas Fir (Temp Unit is automatically selected by temperature type selected above.) Ratio- must be adjusted for annual crops for different locations in NM Intercept C1 C2 C3 Heat Units Maximum: Heat Units Minimum: Heat Units Base:
8. Base Offset for GDD:

Use this to add previously calculated
GDD's into current time-span.
Notes:
Samani's EQ uses monthly intervals
from 1 to 12. However we have adjusted
this to better reflect a smooth curve.

Works best with Internet Explorer

Older Versions of Netscape wont work,
please use the most current version.

Program Info:

 Status
```|  DATE  |  MAX TMP | MIN TMP |  GDD  |PET in/ |Crp cf |ET in/ |Cum ET| Precipitation
mm              mm   in/mm```

Notes on kt coefficient:

Reference: Z. A. Samani and M.Pessarakli, 1986: Estimating Potential Crop Evapotranspiration with Minimum Data in Arizona,
Transactions of the ASAE Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 522-524

Figure 1 give a comparison between Samani method of calculating Pet and Penman's method for Las Cruces NM

 Copyright © 2011 New Mexico State University Last Updated: October 3 2011 Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences Box 30003 MSC 3Q Las Cruces, N M 88003-8003 Telephone: (575)646-3405 FAX: (575)646-6041